• Five-Column Three-Effect Multi-Pressure Distillation Process
  • Five-Column Three-Effect Multi-Pressure Distillation Process

Tasirin Rumbun Rumbun Biyar Uku Tsari Tsari

Takaitaccen Bayani:

Tasirin hasumiya mai hawa biyar wata sabuwar fasaha ce ta ceton makamashi da aka gabatar bisa tsarin distillation na hasumiya daban-daban na gargajiya, wanda galibi ana amfani da shi don samar da barasa mai daraja.Babban kayan aiki na distillation na banbancin hasumiya biyar na gargajiya sun haɗa da hasumiya mai ɗanɗano, hasumiya mai dilution, hasumiya ta gyarawa, hasumiya ta methanol, da hasumiya mai ƙazanta.


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Tasirin hasumiya mai hawa biyar wata sabuwar fasaha ce ta ceton makamashi da aka gabatar bisa tsarin distillation na hasumiya daban-daban na gargajiya, wanda galibi ana amfani da shi don samar da barasa mai daraja.Babban kayan aiki na distillation na banbancin hasumiya biyar na gargajiya sun haɗa da hasumiya mai ɗanɗano, hasumiya mai dilution, hasumiya ta gyarawa, hasumiya ta methanol, da hasumiya mai ƙazanta.Hanyar dumama ita ce hasumiya ta gyarawa da hasumiya na dilution suna dumama ta hanyar tururi na farko ta hanyar injin sake sakewa, kuma tururin ruwan inabi na gyaran hasumiya yana ba da zafi ga hasumiya mai distillation ta hanyar reboiler.Turin ruwan inabi na hasumiya na dilution yana ba da zafi zuwa hasumiya ta methanol ta hanyar injin.Hasumiyar ƙazanta tana amfani da tururi kai tsaye don samar da zafi kai tsaye, kuma yawan tururi yana da girma.Babban kayan aiki na ginshiƙai biyar-biyar tasiri na bambance-bambancen matsa lamba kuma shine hasumiya mai distillation, hasumiya mai dilution, hasumiya ta gyarawa, hasumiya ta methanol, da hasumiya mai ƙazanta.

Five-Column Three-Effect Multi-Pressure Distillation Process1

Na biyu, halayen tsari

1. Hasumiya mai tasiri mai tasiri uku na dumama hasumiya mai dilution, hasumiyar de-methanol, hasumiya mai tsafta, sannan hasumiya ta diluting da hasumiyar de-methanol don dumama hasumiyar distillation hasumiya don rage yawan amfani da tururi.Samar da ton na kyakkyawan ingancin shan barasa shine ton 2.2.

2. Ana shirya sashin cirewa da mai rabawa a saman babban hasumiya na ɗanyen distillation don rage ƙazanta kamar daskararrun da ke cikin ɗanyen barasa da ke shiga tsarin gyarawa, ta yadda za a inganta tsabtar ɗanyen barasa.

3. A danyen distillation hasumiya reboiler rungumi dabi'ar jadadda mallaka fasaha na thermosyphon wurare dabam dabam dumama maimakon tilasta wurare dabam dabam dumama yanayin, da kuma ikon ceton sakamako ne na ƙwarai, da blockage sabon abu na reboiler zafi musayar bututu ne shafe.

4. Ana ƙara tattarawar bututun jan ƙarfe a cikin tsarin distillation don inganta ingantaccen dandano na barasa da aka gama.

Five-Column Three-Effect Multi-Pressure Distillation Process2

Na uku, hanyar dumama

Makullin ceton makamashi na wannan tsari shine yanayin dumama, inda tururi na farko ya wuce ta na'ura don dumama ginshiƙin gyarawa.Ana ba da tururi na hasumiya na ruwan inabi zuwa ginshiƙi na methanol da hasumiya ta dilution ta hanyar reboiler shafi na methanol da reboiler shafi na dilution.Hasumiyar dilution da tururin ruwan inabi na hasumiya na methanol bi da bi ana bi ta cikin injinan injinan distillation ginshiƙi A da B don samar da hasumiya mai distillation.Hasumiyar distillation ruwan sha yana walƙiya tururi don samar da hasumiya mai ƙazanta.Hasumiya ɗaya ta shiga cikin tururi da hasumiyai biyar don cimma haɗaɗɗiyar zafi mai tasiri uku don cimma dalilai na ceton makamashi.Samar da ton na kyakkyawan ingancin shan barasa shine ton 2.2.

Na hudu, yanayin kayan aiki

Ana ciyar da dusar ƙanƙara mai girma daga saman ginshiƙin ɗanyen distillation bayan matakai biyu na preheating.Tushen giyan da ke saman hasumiya mai ɗorewa yana murƙushe sa'an nan kuma a tsoma shi kuma a tsarkake shi a cikin hasumiya mai narkewa don rage ɗanyen barasa zuwa 12-18% (v/v).Giyar da ke ƙasa tana da zafi sosai sannan ta shiga hasumiya ta gyarawa a layin gefen sama na ginshiƙin distillation.Ana fitar da barasa (96% (v/v)) zuwa ginshiƙin de-methanol don ƙara cire ƙazanta irin su methanol, kuma ana fitar da barasa da aka gama daga ƙasa.

Wasu fa'idodi

1. A cikin sharuddan ikon ceto, da thermosiphon reboiler sake zagayowar dumama Hanyar maye gurbin tilasta wurare dabam dabam dumama yanayin, da kuma utilizes mu jadadda mallaka fasaha don kauce wa blockage na reboiler zafi musayar bututu.Yawan barasa a kowace tan na barasa shine 20kwh.Idan aka kwatanta da inganta na farko biyar hasumiya bambance-bambancen matsa lamba distillation 40-45kwh, da ikon ceton ne 50%, wanda ya guje wa kiyaye reboiler tilasta wurare dabam dabam famfo da kuma tsawaita rayuwar sabis na reboiler.

2. Maganin ruwan inabi maras tsarki: Barasa mai ƙazanta daga hasumiyar ɗanyen distillation, hasumiya mai dilution, hasumiya na methanol, da dai sauransu, da ruwan inabi mai haske daga mai raba mai suna shiga hasumiya mai ƙazanta, kuma ana fitar da barasa na masana'antu bayan na'urar na'urar na'urar ta ƙare.Ana hako man fusel, kuma danyen barasa da aka fitar daga layin gefe na sama sai a wuce shi zuwa hasumiya ta dilution don ƙara yawan adadin barasa.

3. Dangane da inganta ingancin barasa, ban da matakan fasaha, an kuma inganta tsarin kayan aiki.Hasumiyar distillation ta danyen tana sanye da na'urar tsarkake ruwan inabi, kuma hasumiya ta samar da na'urar kawar da sulfur mai cike da jan karfe don tabbatar da tsafta da dandanon barasa.

Na shida, kyakkyawan matakin shan makamashi na barasa da tebur kwatanta inganci.

Five-Column Three-Effect Multi-Pressure Distillation Process3

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